IBIS-II study finds anastrozole reduces breast cancer rates for high risk postmenopausal women

The Queen Mary University of London professor leading an international breast cancer study says anastrozole—rather than tamoxifen—should be the preventive drug-of-choice for post-menopausal women at increased risk of developing the disease. Anastrozole, which inhibits the production of oestrogen in postmenopausal women, has been used to treat breast cancer in that group for more than 20 years. The first phase of […]

Continue reading »

Personalized brain maps could improve treatment for Parkinson’s disease, other neurological conditions

People with severe Parkinson’s disease or other neurological conditions that cause intractable symptoms such as uncontrollable shaking, muscle spasms, seizures, obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are sometimes treated with electric stimulators placed inside the brain. Such stimulators are designed to interrupt aberrant signaling that causes the debilitating symptoms. The therapy, deep-brain stimulation, can provide relief to some people. But in […]

Continue reading »

First-ever quality measures aim to reduce diabetes complications

The Endocrine Society and Avalere Health introduced the first-ever quality measures to help healthcare providers assess how well they identify and care for older adults at greater risk of hypoglycemia—low blood sugar that can be a dangerous complication of diabetes treatment. A panel of diabetes experts published the quality measures, which focus on outpatient treatment for adults who are 65 […]

Continue reading »

New chemical treatment for bed nets could prevent more infections by overcoming mosquito resistance

With insecticide resistance eroding the life-saving power of bed nets—a major malaria-fighting tool—researchers reported today that in a clinical trial that involved distributing millions of treated nets to households across Uganda, far fewer children showed evidence of malaria parasites after sleeping under nets newly formulated to disarm a mosquito’s key resistance mechanisms. The results presented today at the Annual Meeting […]

Continue reading »

Bolstered mother-child bonds at heart of research

Known as ‘the thief that steals motherhood,” postpartum depression (PPD) not only obstructs a mother’s capacity for understanding and enjoying her baby, but puts children at risk for behavioral and cognitive problems. While treating PPD itself doesn’t always end up benefiting the mother/child relationship, Nursing professor Panagiota Tryphonopoulos is looking at ways to bolster this critical bond. “Everybody experiences parenting […]

Continue reading »

Incidence of early-onset gastric cancer increasing in the U.S.

(HealthDay)—The incidence of early-onset gastric cancer has been increasing in the United States, and it seems to be distinct clinically and genetically from late-onset gastric cancer, according to a study recently published in Surgery. John R. Bergquist, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, and colleagues examined clinical and genomic characteristics and risk factors for early-onset versus late-onset gastric […]

Continue reading »

Mindfulness video game changes areas of the brain associated with attention

With an estimated 97 percent of adolescents playing video games in their free time, there is growing potential to design games as tools for attention-building instead of attention-busting. A research team at the Center for Healthy Minds at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of California, Irvine, designed a video game to improve mindfulness in middle schoolers and found […]

Continue reading »

COPD death rates are falling in many countries but the total number of deaths is increasing

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) death rates fell in most countries between 1995 and 2017, but the total number of COPD deaths increased in many countries over the past 20 years, according to a new international analysis of World Health Organization (WHO) data. The study is published today (20 November 2019) in the European Respiratory Journal to coincide with World […]

Continue reading »
1 135 136 137 138 139 140