Tests for Indigestion (Dyspepsia)

IntroductionMedical historyPhysical examinationClinical testsReferencesFurther reading Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is described as recurrent or chronic pain in the upper abdomen, accompanied by difficulty digesting food. It is commonly caused by stomach ulcers or gastroesophageal reflux. It presents symptoms such as nausea, pain, or burning in the upper abdomen, discomfort after eating, and early satiety during eating. Image Credit: Tero Vesalainen/Shutterstock Medical […]

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Abortion Debate Ramps Up in States as Congress Deadlocks

Anti-abortion advocates are pressing for expanded abortion bans and tighter restrictions since the Supreme Court overturned the national right to abortion. But with the debate mostly deadlocked in Washington, the focus is shifting to states convening their first full legislative sessions since Roe v. Wade was overturned. Although some state GOP lawmakers have filed bills to ban abortion pills or […]

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Implicit vs. Explicit Memories

Implicit memoryExplicit memoryWhat is the difference between implicit and explicit memory?What influences implicit and explicit memory?References Further reading  Implicit and explicit memory are both types of long-term memory. The information we store or remember unconsciously is called implicit memory, while the information we memorize consciously is known as explicit memory. Image Credit: GoodStudio/Shutterstock.com Implicit and explicit memory each play a very […]

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The Benefits of Healthy Fats

IntroductionTypes of fatsBenefits of unsaturated fatsOmega-3 fatty acidsSaturated fatsTrans fatsReferencesFurther reading We consume different types of fat through different types of foods. Some are harmful, and some are necessary for a healthy life. Image Credit: Prostock-studio/Shutterstock Types of fats Unsaturated fats: Unsaturated fats are considered to be healthy fats. These have various benefits, such as lowering blood cholesterol levels, improving […]

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How is AI Used in the Treatment of Bladder Cancer?

IntroductionWhat is bladder cancer?How can AI aid in bladder cancer diagnosis?Using machine learning to measure tumor budsUsing AI for tumor AI detectionHow can AI be used in the staging of cancer tumors?Grading of cancer tumors using AIUsing AI to predict survival chancesConclusionReferencesFurther reading Bladder cancer (BCa) is the most prevalent urinary tract malignancy and is costly to cure. Recently, AI algorithms […]

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What is the Tumor Microenvironment?

What is the TME?Components of TMEThe TME and tumor-proliferationTME and gut microbiotaClinical role of TMEReferencesFurther reading For a prolonged period, cancer was thought to be a genetic disease where mutations spur malignant changes in the cell. In recent years, the growth in knowledge about the tumor microenvironment (TME) has altered this view. This article briefly introduces the TME and discusses […]

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The Male Contraceptive Pill: is it possible?

BackgroundHormonal methods of male contraceptionNon-hormonal methods of male contraceptionConclusions ReferencesFurther reading The responsibility for contraception has generally fallen on women since the development of birth control pills in the 1950s, with only vasectomy presented as a realistic option for men outside of physical devices such as condoms. The production of an equivalent contraceptive pill for men has been less forthcoming, with […]

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Overlap Syndrome: how obstructive sleep apnea and COPD coexist

By Keynote ContributorDr. Praveen Bhatia, MBBS, FRCPConsultant Physician in Respiratory and General Medicine Honorary Senior Lecturer for Manchester Medical School Written by Keynote Contributor, Dr. Praveen Bhatia, MBBS, FRCP An introduction to COLDOSA In the medical sphere, we love acronyms. You might visit your GP, who manages your chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), to decide whether you need continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) […]

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Audits — Hidden Until Now — Reveal Millions in Medicare Advantage Overcharges

Newly released federal audits reveal widespread overcharges and other errors in payments to Medicare Advantage health plans for seniors, with some plans overbilling the government more than $1,000 per patient a year on average. Summaries of the 90 audits, which examined billings from 2011 through 2013 and are the most recent reviews completed, were obtained exclusively by KHN through a […]

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Theunissen named to editorial board of early-career scientists

Thorold Theunissen, PhD, an assistant professor of developmental biology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, has been named to an editorial board of early-career scientists for the journal Stem Cell Reports. He is one of 10 inaugural members who will provide advice, participate in the editorial review process and receive mentorship from current editors. Stem Cell Reports […]

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