Could Humans Ever Hibernate?

The marvel and risk of hibernationGenetic and physiological basis of hibernationWhy don’t humans hibernate?Implications of human hibernationReferencesFurther reading Hibernation is an adaptation found in many creatures that helps them survive cold and dark winters when resources are unpredictable or insufficient. During hibernation, many mammals and birds turn down their metabolism to save energy. The hibernating period varies from one species […]

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Bone Health and Osteoporosis: Pharmaceuticals for Stronger Bones

IntroductionUnderstanding bone healthOsteoporosis: The silent threatPharmaceutical solutions for bone healthPharmaceuticals and their efficacyConclusionReferencesFurther reading Various pharmaceuticals are crucial in managing osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weakened bones. These medications are designed to improve bone health by slowing down bone loss, increasing bone density, and reducing fracture risk. Image Credit: buritora/Shutterstock.com Introduction Maintaining good bone health is critical as strong bones […]

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The Science Behind Why Mosquitoes Prefer to Bite Certain People

The mosquito's sense of smellGenetic factorsEnvironmental factorsMosquito-borne diseasesConclusionReferencesFurther reading Mosquito bites are annoying, unpleasant, sometimes painful, often the cause of allergic reactions – but also potentially deadly. These insects kill more people than any other animal on Earth. Image Credit: khlungcenter/Shutterstock.com Mosquitoes transmit pathogens that cause serious tropical diseases such as malaria, dengue, Zika, West Nile virus, and Japanese encephalitis. […]

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Sticking it to Anxiety: The Science Behind Anti-Anxiety Patches

Understanding anxiety and stressAnti-anxiety patches: how they workEvidence and effectivenessBenefits for wellbeingConclusionReferencesFurther reading Anxiety and depression are two of the most disabling mental disorders, ranked within the top 25 leading causes of global health-related burden in 2019. This health-related burden was reported to be high across entire lifespans of individuals for both sexes. There has not been a reduction in […]

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Next-Gen Contact Lenses: Beyond Vision Correction

Evolution of contact lensesBiomimetic designMaterials advancementsTechnological advancementsApplication of next-generation smart contact lensRetinal prosthesisDiagnosis of corneal diseaseGlaucoma treatmentFuture outlook of SCLsReferencesFurther reading Contact lenses are ocular prosthetic devices used by millions of people across the world. Although the main application of contact lenses is vision correction, these are also used for cosmetic and medical purposes. The creation of a smart contact […]

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Are Probiotics Helpful in the Prevention and Treatment of COVID-19?

Probiotics and immune modulationGut-lung axis and COVID-19ReferencesFurther Reading Probiotics are live microorganisms that provide beneficial physiological effects if consumed in proper quantities. Studies reported that some COVID-19 patients suffered from intestinal microbial dysbiosis characterized by low Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus probiotics levels. Giving probiotic supplementation to these patients helped re-normalize the intestinal microbiota balance and decrease the secondary infection risk due to […]

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Wegovy: A Breakthrough in Weight Loss?

IntroductionMechanism of actionSafety and side effectsFuture prospects ReferencesFurther reading Wegovy, or semaglutide, is the newest weight loss medication to receive regulatory approval. Wegovy was recently approved, on 4 June 2021, by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the management of adult obesity or overweight with one or more related medical conditions. Image Credit: Prostock-studio/Shutterstock.com Introduction The mechanisms of action, […]

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One Medicine: Bridging the Gap Between Human and Animal Health

Understanding the One Medicine approachZoonotic diseases: a shared challengeThe role of veterinarians in public healthShared benefits: advancing medicine for humans and animalsEnvironmental factors and healthReferences Further reading  “One Medicine” is a concept that emphasizes the interconnectedness of human and animal health. Understanding and addressing the shared health challenges between humans and animals is crucial, as it not only safeguards public health […]

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What is Orocraniodigital Syndrome?

Orocraniodigital syndrome (OS), also known as Juberg-Hayward syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition. Cleft lip is a common observation in orocraniodigital syndrome. Image Credit: PeopleImages.com – Yuri A/Shutterstock.com Multiple abnormalities of the head and face (craniofacial area), as well as the fingers and toes, characterize it. OS is a polymalformative syndrome that includes microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, urogenital anomalies, and […]

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