Symptoms and diagnosis of verrucas

Verrucas (verrucae) or plantar warts affect the pressure areas of the feet. These affect most individuals at some points in their lifetime. Most commonly affected are those between ages 12 and 16. In most individuals the warts go away without therapy within 2 years. One thirds of cases are more resistant to therapy and may have persistent lesions beyond two […]

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Choking: What to Do?

Choking, also called foreign body airway obstruction, happens when a foreign body lodges in one’s throat, obstructing the air passage into the lungs. It is a life-threatening condition because it cuts off the oxygen supply to the brain. Choking is the leading cause of injury and death among children, particularly those younger than 4 years of age. The most common […]

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Brain Cancer Diagnosis

On presenting with symptoms of brain cancer a battery of tests are advised to reach a diagnosis. Initial diagnosis methods The attempt to reach a diagnosis begins with a thorough physical examination. The doctor may also enquire about your history and your relevant family history of brain tumors or cancers. They may also send you for routine blood tests. A […]

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Paraplegia Complications

Paraplegia can contribute to a number of medical complications due to the loss of feeling or function in the lower extremities. Overview Complications resulting from paraplegia may include: Pressure sores (decubitus) Thrombosis Depression Bladder and bowel incontinence Impotence Circulation disorders Autonomic dysreflexia Loss of muscle tone Pain Pneumonia and other respiratory complications Urinary Tract and Bowels Bladder control is impaired […]

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Dendritic Cells and Cytokines

Dendritic cells are important innate immune cells that play a key role in shaping the body’s immune response. They mainly arise in the bone marrow and circulate in the blood to reach the sites where they are required. Dendritic cells are able to induce an initial immune response in inactive or resting T lymphocytes. To do this, the dendritic cells […]

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Nephrotic Syndrome Symptoms

Nephrotic syndrome is a set of symptoms characterized by proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, hyperlipidemia, and edema. There are also several other symptoms that are reported by patients that result from these primary changes in the blood and urine. The main symptoms of the syndrome will be covered in more detail below. Proteinuria Proteinuria refers to the presence of protein in the urine. […]

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What are Dental Fillings?

Dental fillings are artificial substances that are used to fill in the holes or gaps in the enamel of decayed, broken or damaged teeth. Uses of dental filling Dental fillings are needed to restore the shape and stability of the tooth for ease of chewing and preventing further damage, decay and loss of the tooth. Dental fillings may be used […]

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Tremors Following Stroke

Movement disorders are conditions involving abnormal involuntary movements of a part of the body. These can occur due to several causes, and are uncommonly associated with stroke. A tremor may develop for the first time following a stroke, either immediately after it, or in a subacute manner. The tremor is usually caused by strokes due to small vessel disease of […]

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Treatment of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is one of the most common digestive disorders affecting millions of people worldwide at some point in their lives. Treatment of this condition depends on lifestyle changes as well as medication. Lifestyle changes for treating GERD Life style changes advised for patients with GERD include 1-5: The obese and the overweight are more likely to suffer […]

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Schizophrenia Medication

Patients with schizophrenia usually need medical treatment for their lifetime, even after the symptoms have resolved, to help manage the condition. In most cases, medications are administered in conjunction with psychosocial therapy and a psychiatrist experienced in schizophrenia management is usually involved in the process. Antipsychotics are the most common treatment for schizophrenia, which work by altering the action of […]

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