Overlap Syndrome: how obstructive sleep apnea and COPD coexist

By Keynote ContributorDr. Praveen Bhatia, MBBS, FRCPConsultant Physician in Respiratory and General Medicine Honorary Senior Lecturer for Manchester Medical School Written by Keynote Contributor, Dr. Praveen Bhatia, MBBS, FRCP An introduction to COLDOSA In the medical sphere, we love acronyms. You might visit your GP, who manages your chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), to decide whether you need continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) […]

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Singh recognized for innovation in clinical investigation

Nathan Singh, MD, an assistant professor of medicine in the Division of Oncology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, has received a Damon Runyon Clinical Investigator Award from the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation. Singh is one of five new Damon Runyon Clinical Investigators named by the organization, which supports early-career scientists conducting cutting-edge cancer research. Each […]

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What are Histiocytic Disorders?

IntroductionClassificationPathophysiologyReferencesFurther reading Histiocytic disorders are a group of disorders arising from an over-production of histiocytic white blood cells called histiocytes. ‘Histiocytosis’, meaning ‘tissue cell’, is a general concept for diseases exemplified by myeloid cells, namely mononuclear phagocytes, that share histological features with macrophages or dendritic cells.  Image Credit: Babul Hosen/Shutterstock Classification Histiocytic disorders were originally classified by histological features of […]

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Origins of Antibiotic Resistance

IntroductionEvolutionary Roots of the Problem of SustainabilityHow does Antibiotic Resistance Develop and Spread?The Invention of AntibioticsClassifications of AntibioticsResponse from the World Health OrganisationReferencesFurther Reading Antibiotic resistance is a pressing issue that has been brought to the attention of the scientific community in recent times by the discoverer of the structure of DNA, James Watson. Antibiotic resistance. Image Credit: Fahroni/Shutterstock.com In […]

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What are Adaptogens?

IntroductionThe history of adaptogensThe adaptogen conceptNotable adaptogensCautionsReferencesFurther reading An adaptogen is a non-toxic substance that is believed to heighten the ability of the human body to resist the effects of stress and restore or support normal physiological functioning. They are thought to improve the range of capabilities through structure-functional adaptation. Image Credit: marilyn barbone/Shutterstock The history of adaptogens Adaptogens have […]

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Ley honored for groundbreaking leukemia research

Timothy J. Ley, MD, the Lewis T. and Rosalind B. Apple Professor of Medicine, has been honored by the American Society of Hematology with the Henry Stratton Medal, awarded annually to one basic scientist and one clinical or translational researcher who have made outstanding contributions to hematology. He is being recognized for leading the effort to sequence the first human […]

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Insight into Implantable Medical Devices

What are implantable medical devices?Common examples of implantable medical devicesLeading manufacturers of implantable medical deviceReferences Further reading  Implantable medical devices are introduced into the human body through surgery or other medical interventions to serve specific functions. The most common examples of implantable medical devices include artificial joints, breast implants, cochlear implants, intraocular lenses, pacemakers, other cardiac implants, and intrauterine contraceptive devices. […]

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What can COVID-19 Teach us about Respiratory Disease?

IntroductionHistory of respiratory diseasesForms of respiratory diseasesImpact of COVID-19What approaches are there to restore our respiratory system back to normal?The future of respiratory diseasesThe emergence of pulmonary fibrosisCOVID-19 as a system diseaseReferencesFurther reading Until recently, COVID-19 seemed to be a harmless pathogen of minor outbreaks of unremarkable and mild acute respiratory (or intestinal) diseases. At the same time, many similar […]

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An Overview of Sperm Sorting Technologies

IntroductionClassification of Sperm-Sorting Techniques     Motility-based     Morphology-based     Surface chemistry-based     Sex SortingConclusionReferences With the entry of women into public life and the workforce, many have postponed reproduction to the latter part of their reproductive years. This has led to the increasing use of assisted reproduction technologies (ART) to help women conceive. These methods, being cumbersome, time-consuming, and expensive, […]

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The Role of Breath Analysis in Diagnosing Disease

Key breath metabolitesCommon techniques associated with breath analysisCollection and analysis of stored breath samplesDiagnosis of disease using volatile biomarkersCommercial production of breath analyzers for disease detectionReferences Further reading Breath is an important matrix for analyzing volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that are generated within the body. These compounds travel through the blood in the body, reach the alveolar interface, and are ultimately […]

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