Study reveals greater excitability in social brain regions of autistic men compared to women

New insight on differences in the brains of men and women with autism has been published today in the open-access journal eLife. The study suggests that autistic men, but not women, have enhanced neural excitability in specific brain regions that are important for social cognition and self-reflection, and this may differentially impact their ability to navigate social situations. These findings […]

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New study shows critical coronavirus test delays across the US

More than 63 percent of U.S. residents are waiting longer than one to two days to get their coronavirus test results—delays that undermine the contact tracing that could identify individuals who are contagious but show no symptoms, according to results of a new survey by researchers from Northeastern, Harvard, Northwestern, and Rutgers universities. Overall, the average wait was four days, […]

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Artificial intelligence-enhanced ECGs may speed heart failure diagnosis and treatment

When people seek emergency care for shortness of breath, a routine electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) enhanced by artificial intelligence (AI) is better than standard blood tests at determining if the cause is heart failure, according to new research published today in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, an American Heart Association journal. “Determining why someone has shortness of breath is challenging for […]

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Effective testing and contact tracing is essential for schools to safely open during COVID-19 pandemic

Effective contact tracing and epidemic control measures are essential for safe opening of schools during COVID-19 pandemic, according to two studies published simultaneously in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health journal. Modelling the impact of UK schools reopening in September, one study suggests that a second COVID-19 wave could be avoided in the UK, if accompanied by a test-trace-isolate programme […]

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Half of low-income communities have no ICU beds

A new Penn Medicine study sheds light on yet another reason why the coronavirus pandemic is disproportionately killing the poor: Residents in low-income neighborhoods lack access to intensive care unit (ICU) beds. While the shortage of ICU beds in the United States has been documented since the pandemic began, the new report, published Monday in the August issue of Health […]

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Darolutamide in prostate cancer: Indication of considerable added benefit

Up to now, adult men with non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC) at high risk of developing metastatic disease usually continued their conventional androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) while the cancer was observed for the occurrence of metastases (so-called watchful waiting). The German Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) now examined in an early benefit assessment whether adding the […]

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